Kannada Varnamala Chart with Pictures [PDF]

Kannada Varnamala (ಕನ್ನಡ ವರ್ಣಮಾನ) Chart with Pictures [PDF]. The Kannada script (ಅಕ್ಷರಮಾಲೆ akṣaramāle or ವರ್ಣಮಾಲೆ varṇamāle) is a phonemic abugida of forty-nine letters, and is written from left to right.

The letters are classified into three categories: 

  1. ಸ್ವರ svara (vowels),
  2.  ವ್ಯಂಜನ vyañjana (consonants), and
  3. ಯೋಗವಾಹಕ yōgavāhaka

1. Vowels (Swaras)

Vowels are the independently existing letters which are called Swaras. They are-

ಅ ಆ ಇ ಈ ಉ ಊ ಋ ಎ ಏ ಐ ಒ ಓ ಔ

Kannada Varnamala (ಕನ್ನಡ ವರ್ಣಮಾನ) Chart with Pictures [PDF]
Kannada Varnamala ಸ್ವರ svara (vowels)
There are two types of Swaras depending on the time used to pronounce. They are A. Hrasva Swara and B. Deerga Swara.

A. Hrasva Swara

  • A freely existing independent vowel which c be pronounced in a single matra time (matr
    kala) also called as a matra. They are-

ಅ ಇ ಉ ಋ ಎ ಐ ಒ ಔ

B. Deergha Swara

  • A freely existing independent vowel which can be pronounced in two matras. They are-

ಆ ಈ ಊ ಏ ಓ

Anuswaras ಅ◌ಂ
Visarga ಅಃ

Avagraha Also called as Plutha, which is used for the third matra either in a consonant or a vowel.

2. Consonants (Vyanjanas)

  • These are dependent on vowels to take an independent form of the Consonant. These can be divided into Vargeeya and Avargeeya.

ಕ್ ಖ್ ಗ್ ಘ್ ಙ್

ಚ್ ಛ್ ಜ್ ಝ್ ಞ್

ತ್ ಥ್ ದ್ ಧ್ ನ್

ಟ್ ಠ್ ಡ್ ಢ್ ಣ್

ಪ್ ಫ್ ಬ್ ಭ್ ಮ್

Avargeeya Vyanjanas

  • ಯ್ ರ್ ಲ್ ವ್ ಶ್ ಷ್ ಸ್ ಹ್ ಳ್

Basic Language Rule in Kannada

  • When a dependent consonant combines with an independent vowel, a Akshara is formed.

Consonant (Vyanjana) + Vowel (matra) —> Letter (Akshara)

  • Example: ಕ್ + —>

Based on this rule we can combine all the Consonants (Vyanjanas) with the existing Vowels (matrafamily:’Times New Roman’;font-size:12pt;”>to form Kagunitha for Kannada alphabet.

 

ಕ ಕಾ ಕಿ ಕೀ ಕು ಕೂ ಕೃ ಕೆ ಕೇ ಕೈ ಕೊ ಕೋ ಕೌ ಕಂ ಕಃ

ಖ ಖಾ ಖಿ ಖೀ ಖು ಖೂ ಖೃ ಖೆ ಖೇ ಖೈ ಖೊ ಖೋ ಖೌ ಖಂ ಖಃ

ಗ ಗಾ ಗಿ ಗೀ ಗು ಗೂ ಗೃ ಗೆ ಗೇ ಗೈ ಗೊ ಗೋ ಗೌ ಗಂ ಗಃ

Kannada Varnamala Chart Consonants (Vyanjanas)

The Kannada script is rich in conjunct consonant clusters, with most consonants having a standard subjoined form and few true ligature clusters. A table of consonant conjuncts follows, although the forms of individual conjuncts may differ according to font.

Download Kannada Varnamala Chart with Pictures [PDF]

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