Kannada Varnamala Chart with Pictures [PDF]

Kannada Varnamala (ಕನ್ನಡ ವರ್ಣಮಾನ) Chart with Pictures [PDF]. The Kannada script (ಅಕ್ಷರಮಾಲೆ akṣaramāle or ವರ್ಣಮಾಲೆ varṇamāle) is a phonemic abugida of forty-nine letters, and is written from left to right.

The letters are classified into three categories: 

  1. ಸ್ವರ svara (vowels),
  2.  ವ್ಯಂಜನ vyañjana (consonants), and
  3. ಯೋಗವಾಹಕ yōgavāhaka

1. Vowels (Swaras)

Vowels are the independently existing letters which are called Swaras. They are-

ಅ ಆ ಇ ಈ ಉ ಊ ಋ ಎ ಏ ಐ ಒ ಓ ಔ

Kannada Varnamala (ಕನ್ನಡ ವರ್ಣಮಾನ) Chart with Pictures [PDF]
Kannada Varnamala ಸ್ವರ svara (vowels)
There are two types of Swaras depending on the time used to pronounce. They are A. Hrasva Swara and B. Deerga Swara.

A. Hrasva Swara

  • A freely existing independent vowel which c be pronounced in a single matra time (matr
    kala) also called as a matra. They are-

ಅ ಇ ಉ ಋ ಎ ಐ ಒ ಔ

B. Deergha Swara

  • A freely existing independent vowel which can be pronounced in two matras. They are-

ಆ ಈ ಊ ಏ ಓ

Anuswaras ಅ◌ಂ
Visarga ಅಃ

Avagraha Also called as Plutha, which is used for the third matra either in a consonant or a vowel.

2. Consonants (Vyanjanas)

  • These are dependent on vowels to take an independent form of the Consonant. These can be divided into Vargeeya and Avargeeya.



Avargeeya Vyanjanas

  • ಯ್ ರ್ ಲ್ ವ್ ಶ್ ಷ್ ಸ್ ಹ್ ಳ್

Basic Language Rule in Kannada

  • When a dependent consonant combines with an independent vowel, a Akshara is formed.

Consonant (Vyanjana) + Vowel (matra) —> Letter (Akshara)

  • Example: ಕ್ + —>

Based on this rule we can combine all the Consonants (Vyanjanas) with the existing Vowels (matrafamily:’Times New Roman’;font-size:12pt;”>to form Kagunitha for Kannada alphabet.


ಕ ಕಾ ಕಿ ಕೀ ಕು ಕೂ ಕೃ ಕೆ ಕೇ ಕೈ ಕೊ ಕೋ ಕೌ ಕಂ ಕಃ

ಖ ಖಾ ಖಿ ಖೀ ಖು ಖೂ ಖೃ ಖೆ ಖೇ ಖೈ ಖೊ ಖೋ ಖೌ ಖಂ ಖಃ

ಗ ಗಾ ಗಿ ಗೀ ಗು ಗೂ ಗೃ ಗೆ ಗೇ ಗೈ ಗೊ ಗೋ ಗೌ ಗಂ ಗಃ

Kannada Vyañjana Handwriting Worksheet Practice for kids Full Book (36 Letters )

The Kannada script is rich in conjunct consonant clusters, with most consonants having a standard subjoined form and few true ligature clusters. A table of consonant conjuncts follows although the forms of individual conjuncts may differ according to the font.

Download Kannada Varnamala Chart with Pictures [PDF]

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