Hindi Consonants (Vyanjan) : व्यंजन वर्ण

Hindi Consonants (Vyanjan): व्यंजन वर्ण: Check our Hindi Consonants details chat with an example of words and pronunciation in English. Download full Hindi Consonants details in PDF.

Hindi Consonants (Vyanjan) : व्यंजन वर्ण

Hindi Consonants (Vyanjan) It is also known as Vyanjan varna in Hindi it is written as व्यंजन वर्ण. Nowadays, there are a total of 39 (thirty-nine) Consonants are used in the Hindi language.

        
        
    
    
    
       
क्ष त्र ज्ञ श्र  

कं􀁶य

Gutturalskakhagaghana
ताल􀁸य
Palatalschachhaja jhana
मूध􀁻􀁼य
Cerebralstathadadhana
दं􀁽य
Dentalstathadadhana
ओ􀁿􀁶य
Labialspaphababhama

अन्तःस्थ व्यंजन

Semi-Vowels

ya

ra

la

va/wa

ऊमवणे

Sibilants

sha

sha

sa

महाप्रयाण

Aspirated

ha

संयोजक व्यंजन

Also known as Sanyukt Vyanjan Varn(संयुक्त व्यंजन वर्ण) Or Compound Consonants

क्ष

त्र

ज्ञ

 श्र

Conjunt Consonant

Ksha

tra

Jna/Gya

Shra

ड़ and ढ़ never occur at the beginning of a word

Note:  The sounds क़, ख़, ग़, ज़ and  are now restricted to the learned only as also when the correct pronunciation or transliteration from Arabic, Persian (Urdu) or English words is desired. In common speech, they are usually replaced by क, ख, ग, ज and  Letters क़, ख़, ग़, ज़ and फ़ have been absorbed in Hindi from Urdu language and their phonetic sound is generally similar to ka, kha, ga.

The table below shows the Hindi consonant letters and their arrangement.

Hindi Consonants (Vyanjan) : व्यंजन वर्ण

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